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Hunza valley

Hunza (Burushaski: ہنزو , Wakhi “shina”, and Urdu: ہنزہ‎) is a mountainous valley in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. Hunza is situated in the extreme northern part of the region, bordering with the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan and the Xinjiang region of China.[2]

Hunza
ہنزہ
Valley
The 7,788 metres (25,551 ft) tall Rakaposhi mountain towers over Hunza
The 7,788 metres (25,551 ft) tall Rakaposhi mountain towers over Hunza
Hunza is located in Gilgit BaltistanHunzaHunza
Show map of Gilgit Baltistan
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Coordinates: 36.316942°N 74.649900°E [1]
Country
Pakistan Pakistan
Region
Gilgit Baltistan
Time zone
UTC+5 (PST)
Mirs of Hunza
Hunza was formerly a princely state bordering Xinjiang (autonomous region of China) to the northeast and Pamir to the northwest, which survived until 1974, when it was finally dissolved by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The state bordered the Gilgit Agency to the south and the former princely state of Nagar to the east. The state capital was the town of Baltit (also known as Karimabad); another old settlement is Ganish Village which means “ancient gold” village. Hunza was an independent principality for more than 900 years, until the British gained control of it and the neighbouring valley of Nagar between 1889 and 1891 through a military conquest. The then Mir/Tham (ruler) Safdar Khan of Hunza fled to Kashghar in China and sought what would now be called political asylum.[3]

An account wrote by John Bidulf in his book ‘Tribes of Hindukush’

“ The ruling family of Hunza is called Ayeshe (heavenly). The two states of Hunza and Nagar were formerly one, ruled by a branch of the Shahreis, the ruling family of Gilgit, whose seat of government was Nager. First muslim came to Hunza-Nagar Valley some 1000 years (At the time of Imam Islām Shāh 30th Imam Ismaili Muslims). After the introduction of Islam to Gilgit, married a daughter of Trakhan of Gilgit, who bore him twin sons, named Moghlot and Girkis. From the former the present ruling family of Nager is descended. The twins are said to have shown hostility to one another from birth. Thereupon their father, unable to settle the question of succession, divided his state between them, giving Girkis the north/west, and to Moghlot the south/east bank of the river.[4]

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